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Turfgrass Species Profile

What Kind of Grass Makes Up Your Lawn?

As a homeowner, you’ve probably come to realize that lawn care isn’t a one-size-fits-all process. You may have tried something that worked for your neighbor’s lawn that just isn’t working for yours. This is because there are so many factors impacting the health of lawn, from weather patterns to insect populations and everything in between. One factor that is rarely taken into consideration is the grass type present on the lawn. For Weed Man, the turfgrass species present on the lawn is actually one of the most important components we take into consideration when designing a treatment plan for a new customer. Each different grass type has its own unique needs and must be cared for accordingly in order to achieve optimal results.

Wondering what makes your lawn tick? Check out Weed Man’s list of desirable turfgrass species below!

Kentucky Bluegrass


  • Short ligule
  • Prefers full sun
  • Good low-temperature hardiness
  • Poor shade tolerance



  • Long, tapered leaves with prominent veins on upper side
  • Smooth leaves
  • Germinate rapidly
  • Vigorous seedling growth – often used for overseeding or quick establishment of lawn coverage
  • Least cold-hardy of all cool-season grasses
  • Annual ryegrass will die out in hot, dry summer months



  • Flat, tapered leaf blades with rough edges
  • Prominent veins on upper side of leaf
  • Dense, fine-textured turf
  • Adaptable to cool, moist conditions
  • Requires more maintenance (close mowing, regular irrigation and disease control
  • Not compatible with other cool-season turfgrasses
  • Turns brown during heat stress and early spring
  • Often becomes a weed in Kentucky bluegrass lawns

Fine Fescue


  • Very narrow blades with prominent veins
  • Fine-textured
  • Excellent shade tolerance  - often used in mixtures with Kentucky bluegrass for shaded lawns
  • Tolerant of droughty, infertile soils
  • Intolerant of high temperatures
  • Prone to Red Thread disease

Tall Fescue


  • Wide, flat blades with prominent veins
  • Coarse-textured turf type
  • Good wear tolerance
  • Tolerant of drought and heat
  • Not compatible with other turfgrasses because of coarse texture
  • Often becomes a weed in finer-textured turfgrasses



  • Short, narrow blades with long hairs at the collar
  • Dense, medium-fine texture
  • Rapid establishment and growth rate
  • Excellent heat and drought tolerance
  • Slow to establish
  • Goes dormant and discolors during the winter



  • Short, flat blades
  • Low-growing, medium-textured turf
  • Slow growing
  • Poor wear tolerance
  • Browns in the winter
  • Has a higher iron requirement

St. Augustine Grass


  • Wide blades with boat-shaped tips
  • Very coarse-textured turf
  • Shade tolerant
  • Poor low temperature tolerance
  • Browns in winter
  • Produces heavy thatch



  • Short and narrow blades
  • Dense, tough turf
  • Excellent heat and drought tolerance
  • Better cold tolerance than most warm-season turf
  • Slow to establish
  • Browns in winter
  • Can be very difficult to eradicate once it invades other turf
Not sure which grass type is present on your lawn? Ask your local Weed Man today!

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